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EV charging infrastructure incentives in Europe 2021

December 14, 2020 | Koen Noyens

Last updated on September 30, 2021


Electric vehicle (EV) charging incentives are available across Europe for both residential and commercial charging. The installation of residential and commercial charging stations is key to establishing infrastructure that can support the adoption of electric vehicles by individuals and companies across Europe.

In this guide, we’ve split electric vehicle charging incentives into two categories: residential charging incentives and commercial charging incentives

Residential charging incentives accommodate private residents looking to install charging stations at their homes, as well as owners and tenants of multi-unit buildings (e.g., condominiums). Generally, the charging stations installed with the help of these incentives are only for private use.

Commercial charging incentives apply to companies and public entities wishing to provide electric vehicle charging as a dedicated service (e.g., a municipality), additional service (e.g., supermarket car parks), or as a perk for employees (e.g., workplace charging).

Government incentives for EV charging per country

To view a specific country, please use the links below:


Austria

Aerial shot of a city in Austria at night

In 2019 Austria launched the electric vehicle charging initiative E-mobility 2019 + Offensive. The initiative is valid until December 31, 2021, and includes a massive increase in federal funding for electric vehicles, residential charging infrastructure, and commercial charging infrastructure.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Austria

  • A subsidy of up to €30,000 is available to companies and public entities for the purchase and installation of DC charging stations designed to accommodate heavy goods vehicles.
  • A subsidy of between €300 and €15,000 is available to companies for the purchase and installation of publicly accessible charging stations.

Residential EV charging incentives in Austria

  • A flat-rate purchase grant of €900,- per charging point. This purchase grant can be used for the purchase and installation of charging stations for privately used parking spaces in residential buildings (if the electricity is sourced from renewable sources).

Belgium

An aerial shot of a Belgian city

In Belgium, the purchasing and installation of electric vehicle charging infrastructure is incentivized through tax returns and tax exemptions.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Belgium

  • A tax exemption applies to private companies located in the Brussels-Bornes électriques Capital Region on taxes levied on companies for each visitor or staff parking space (€5 per M2) tax if their parking spaces are fitted with charging stations.
  • A new draft law for the social greening of mobility (expected to get approved before Q4 2021) introduces new incentives for EV charging in Belgium: 

    Deduction for publicly accessible charging stations:

    • 200% deductions relating to investments made in the period from September 1, 2021 to December 31, 2022; up to 150% for depreciation.
    • 150% deduction for investments made in the period from January 1, 2023 to August 31, 2024. 
    • Conditions: 
      • 1) the charging point must be freely accessible to any third party (at least during the opening hours or closing hours of the business); 
      • 2) the charging point must be notified to the Federal Public Service of Finance within the established time; 
      • 3) Only charging stations that can be digitally be digitally connected, via a standardised protocol (OCPP) to a management system, including management system, including that of third parties by 1 January 2023 at the latest, which can provide information on the charging time and capacity, and whose connection is freely available to all users, shall be taken into account for this increased deduction.

Residential EV charging incentives in Belgium

  • EV drivers who install a charging point for electric vehicles in or in the immediate vicinity of the dwelling where the drivers holds their domicile between 1st September 2021 and 31st  August 2024 will be eligible for a tax reduction. 
    Maximum amount: €1500,- per charging point and per taxpayer.

    • Conditions:
      • 1) must be digitally connected via a standardized protocol (OCPP) no later than 1st Jan 2023;
      • 2) must be able to provide information on charging time and charging capacity;
      • 3) the charging point must use electricity that is supplied from a supplier that undertakes actions to supply only electricity produced from renewable energy sources, or which is generated on site from renewable energy sources; 

Denmark

A Danish harbour during summer time

To incentivize the use of electric vehicles, Denmark offers tax reductions on the electricity used to power commercial electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Currently, there are no incentives for the purchasing and installation of charging infrastructure.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Denmark

  • A tax reduction of around 1DKK (€0.13) per kWh applies to companies that provide electric vehicle charging on a commercial basis.

 

Finland

An aerial shot of a city in Finland at night during winter time

Finland offers incentives for both commercial and residential electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the form of subsidies. Helsinki has invested €4.8 million in public charging stations in the last few years—almost tripling the total number of charging ports in the country.

Recently, the Finnish government announced a €5.5 million budget for expanding charging infrastructure during 2020 and 2021.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Finland

  • A refund of up to 35 percent of the total purchasing and installation costs for charging infrastructure is available to companies that provide charging and use electric vehicles. This refund can increase to 50% if at least half of the stations offer power of 11 kW or more.

 

France

An aerial shot of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France at night. The roads are filled with streaks of lights coming from passing cars.

ADVENIR, The French EV Infrastructure Charging Program, was launched in 2016 to help finance private charging infrastructure for company fleets and in apartment buildings.

As part of its renewal for the period 2020 - 2023, the ADVENIR program has a budget of 100 million euros with the objective of financing more than 45,000 new charging points by the end of 2023.

The ADVENIR premium depends on the place of installation (condominium, private parking, roads, etc.), the power and use of the charging station (private, public). 

To help you estimate the amount of your ADVENIR premium you can use our subsidy simulator.

Commercial EV charging incentives in France

  • There are various commercial charging incentives covered by the ADVENIR program

    Incentives:

    • Up to €960,- (private use) and up to 75% connection costs refund (for bus depot)
    • Up to €2700,- (AC) and €11,100,- (DC) (both public use) and up to 75% connection costs refund related to the purchase, installation and grid connection costs for private and commercial parking (private and public use).

Public EV charging incentives in France

  • Purchase and Grid connection Grant: Up to €2700,- (AC) and €11,100,- (DC) (both public use) + up to 75% connection costs for the purchase, installation and grid connection of publicly accessible charging points on roads.
  • Charging Hub Grant: 
    • € 100.000 per station (0,5-0,99 Mega Volt-Amp (MVA))
    • € 160.000 (1-1,99 MVA)
    • € 240.000 (>2 MVA)
    • Up to € 75.000 related to the grid connection for the purchase, installation and grid connection costs for deployment of hubs near metropoles or national roads.

Residential EV charging incentives in France

  • Purchase grant of up to 960,- (private use); Up to 1660,- (shared use)


 

Germany

Aerial shot of a German city at night

In 2020, Germany committed to significantly improving its support for consumers purchasing electric vehicles in order to meet its target of having one million charging stations and 10 million electric vehicles by 2030.

This support equates to both national and regional incentives in the form of tax reductions and grants for both residential and commercial infrastructure.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Germany

National incentives

The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) is providing a total of 1 billion EUR for the further development of the public charging infrastructure in Germany by the end of 2025. The goal is to build a total of at least 50,000 charging points (including at least 20,000 fast charging points). Today, the first funding call of the newly launched funding guideline "Publicly accessible charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in Germany" was published: From 31 August 2021, companies, cities and municipalities, public institutions and private individuals can submit funding applications.

In the first funding call, funding will be provided for:

  • approximately 9,000 publicly accessible charging points with a maximum charging capacity of up to 22 kilowatts (standard charging points);
  • approximately 9,000 publicly accessible charging points with a maximum charging capacity of more than 22 kilowatts, at which only direct current (DC) charging is possible (DC fast charging points), and;
  • the grid connection belonging to a subsidised charging point or the combination of grid connection and buffer storage.

In order to meet the demand for medium and long-distance mobility for medium and long-distance journeys, the federal government is tendering a Germany-wide fast charging network with 1000 locations. Each of the charging points must make at least 150 kW of power available. This will make it possible to charge batteries quickly on long-distance journeys.

Funding is available for up to 60% of the eligible costs. All funded charging points must be publicly accessible and powered by electricity from renewable sources, with an additional €100,000 award if the station installed is connected to medium voltage. Applications in the first funding call can be submitted from 31-08-2021 to 18-01-2022.

Overview of national commercial EV charging incentives in Germany
  • Individuals who drive company cars and charge them at home can benefit from a tax reduction that can be applied for during annual tax return calculations.
  • Another tax exemption is also available to employees that charge their company car or private electric vehicle at work—the cost for charging at their employer's site is tax-free.
  • A number of grants are available to offset the installation costs of publicly accessible charging stations and associated grid connection costs.
Regional commercial EV charging incentives in Germany
  • Companies in Berlin can apply for a grant that covers up to €2500 per AC charging station (up to 22 kW) bought or leased. Alternatively, up to €30,000 in funding can be applied for per DC fast charging station (22 kW and above).
  • Companies and public entities in Bavaria providing publicly accessible charging can apply for a grant that covers 60 % of the costs associated with the charging stations, and a grant that covers 60 % (up to €50,000) of grid connection charges. 
  • In Saxony-Anhalt, companies and public entities can apply for a number of grants. Specifically, up to 60 % of total costs (or €3000) can be claimed back per charging station up to 22 kW, up to 60 percent (or €12,000) for charging stations up to 100kW, and up to 60 percent (or €30,000) for charging stations over 100 kW. Additionally, up to 60 % of total costs can be claimed back for low voltage (€5000) and medium voltage (€50,000) connections.
  • In Thüringen, small and medium-sized companies, legal entities, and research institutions can apply for a number of different subsidies. Up to 75 percent (or €200,000) of investment costs for electric vehicles or charging infrastructure can be covered, though this is limited to €100,000 for freight transport companies. Another subsidy offers up to €15,000 for the purchasing and installation of regular speed charging stations, and up to €30,000 for DC fast charging stations. A third subsidy covers a fixed rate of up to €500 per kWh, as well as 75 percent of network connection expenses.

Residential EV charging incentives in Germany

National residential EV charging incentives in Germany
Regional residential EV charging incentives in Germany
  • Private individuals in Limburg an der Lahn can apply for a grant that covers up to €300 for the purchasing and installation of a charging station at their home.
  • Private individuals of both single homes and condominiums in Hannover can apply for a grant if the electricity powering the charging station(s) is from a renewable source. Up to €500 per charging station can be claimed to cover purchasing and installation costs (up to five stations per condominium).
  • In Munich, private individuals, NGOs, and apartment owner associations can apply for a subsidy that covers up to 40 percent of the total net costs of a charging station. This equates to a maximum of €3000 per station with a power of 22 kW or less, or €10,000 for a fast charging station above 22 kW.

Greece

Aerial shot of Greece during day time

Currently, Greece only offers incentives for the purchasing and installation of residential charging stations. 

Residential EV charging incentives in Greece

  • A grant of up to €500 is available for private individuals looking to install a charging station at their place of residence.

Ireland

A street in the centre of Ireland during the day time

in 2021, the Irish Government continues to provide a wide range of supports to incentivize the purchase of EVs and EV charging infrastructure. The Government has allocated €36.5 million in 2021 towards the promotion of EVs and the decarbonisation effort with €27m allocated to the EV Purchase Grant Scheme.

The Electric Vehicle Purchase Scheme has been updated to support the most efficient and environmentally friendly vehicles on the market. Support in the form of government funding is being refocused to prioritise battery electric cars. The SEAI grant scheme aims to encourage behavioural change and support the Government’s commitment to achieving a 51% reduction in transport emissions by 2030. The grant schemes are kept under continuous review to ensure that they are as effective as possible in driving the decarbonisation effort.

The Irish government also has commercial and residential charging incentives in place to help accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Ireland

  • A grant of up to €5000 to local authorities to support the development of on-street public chargers;

Residential EV charging incentives in Ireland

  • A grant that covers up to €600 of the purchasing and installation costs for a charging station is available to private individuals.

 

Italy

Aerial shot of Italy during sun rise

In 2019, Italy launched the Eco-Bonus program to provide subsidies for electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as electric vehicle charging infrastructure. In 2021, The automotive fund for the purchase of low-emission vehicles was refinanced with 350 million euros.

The Eco-Bonus program aims to cut net emissions to zero by 2050 and mandates that electric vehicles should replace ICE vehicles by 2035 at the latest.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Italy

  • Tax returns on up to €3000 for the purchasing and installation costs of charging stations are available to companies until December 2021.

Residential EV charging incentives in Italy

  • A refund of 110 percent (up to €2000,-) of the total costs of purchasing and installing electric vehicle charging stations (up to 220 kW) in privately used parking spaces (individual or shared)
    • The EV charging point installation must be part of wider energy efficiency renovations which will increase the energy efficiency of the building by at least 2 classes 
  • A refund of up to 50% (up to €2000,-) of the total costs of purchasing and installing electric vehicle charging stations up to 220 kW in privately used parking spaces (individual or shared).

 

The Netherlands

The canals in Amsterdam at dawn with streetlights reflecting in the water

In the Netherlands, electric vehicle charging infrastructure incentives are mostly provided for private companies. However, residents in most regions can request the installation of a public charging port near their place of residence or work free of charge—this will also be freely accessible to all residents.

Commercial EV charging incentives in the Netherlands

  • Deductions of up to 36 percent on costs associated with purchasing and installing charging stations are available to companies and public entities.
  • A tax return of up to 75 percent of costs associated with purchasing and installing charging stations are available to companies and public entities.

 

Spain

Aerial shot of a roundabout in Spain

In 2019, Spain launched its biggest electrification program, MOVES, with a budget of €45 million allocated to the promotion of electric vehicles and charging infrastructure. In 2020, MOVES II was established. Under the second iteration of the MOVES Plan, the Spanish government has secured €100 million for charging infrastructure and the acquisition of electric cars.

MOVES III was launched in 2021 to build upon previously established measures and is managed by local authorities.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Spain

  • A grant covering between 30 and 40 percent of the purchasing and installation costs associated with publicly accessible charging stations is available to companies and public entities.

 

Sweden

A skyline of a city in Sweden

In 2015, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and several administrative boards launched the Klimatklivet program in a bid to reduce CO2 emissions at a local and regional level. Today, Klimatklivet is one of Sweden's major policies targeting GHG emissions and has contributed a total of 5.4 billion SEK to more than 3200 different projects.

Commercial EV charging incentives in Sweden

  • A grant that covers 50 percent of the costs associated with the purchasing and installation of both private and public charging stations is available to companies and public entities.

Residential EV charging incentives in Sweden

  • A grant that covers 50 percent of purchasing and installation costs is available to private individuals who install a charging station at their home or privately owned parking spaces.
  • A grant of 50%, up to 15000 SEK per charging station / purchase and installation of charging stations for shared private use at multi-unit dwellings,

 

United Kingdom

Two double-decker buses driving through London across a bridge

The UK has developed a Road to Zero strategy aimed at making transportation in the four nations carbon-neutral by 2040.

Commercial EV charging incentives in the UK

Residential EV charging incentives in the UK

  • A grant that covers up to 75 percent of the purchasing and installation costs of a charging station is available to private individuals.

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