December 14, 2020 | Koen Noyens
Last updated on September 30, 2021
Electric vehicle (EV) charging incentives are available across Europe for both residential and commercial charging. The installation of residential and commercial charging stations is key to establishing infrastructure that can support the adoption of electric vehicles by individuals and companies across Europe.
In this guide, we’ve split electric vehicle charging incentives into two categories: residential charging incentives and commercial charging incentives.
Residential charging incentives accommodate private residents looking to install charging stations at their homes, as well as owners and tenants of multi-unit buildings (e.g., condominiums). Generally, the charging stations installed with the help of these incentives are only for private use.
Commercial charging incentives apply to companies and public entities wishing to provide electric vehicle charging as a dedicated service (e.g., a municipality), additional service (e.g., supermarket car parks), or as a perk for employees (e.g., workplace charging).
To view a specific country, please use the links below:
In 2019 Austria launched the electric vehicle charging initiative E-mobility 2019 + Offensive. The initiative is valid until December 31, 2021, and includes a massive increase in federal funding for electric vehicles, residential charging infrastructure, and commercial charging infrastructure.
In Belgium, the purchasing and installation of electric vehicle charging infrastructure is incentivized through tax returns and tax exemptions.
Deduction for publicly accessible charging stations:
To incentivize the use of electric vehicles, Denmark offers tax reductions on the electricity used to power commercial electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Currently, there are no incentives for the purchasing and installation of charging infrastructure.
Finland offers incentives for both commercial and residential electric vehicle charging infrastructure in the form of subsidies. Helsinki has invested €4.8 million in public charging stations in the last few years—almost tripling the total number of charging ports in the country.
Recently, the Finnish government announced a €5.5 million budget for expanding charging infrastructure during 2020 and 2021.
ADVENIR, The French EV Infrastructure Charging Program, was launched in 2016 to help finance private charging infrastructure for company fleets and in apartment buildings.
As part of its renewal for the period 2020 - 2023, the ADVENIR program has a budget of 100 million euros with the objective of financing more than 45,000 new charging points by the end of 2023.
The ADVENIR premium depends on the place of installation (condominium, private parking, roads, etc.), the power and use of the charging station (private, public).
To help you estimate the amount of your ADVENIR premium you can use our subsidy simulator.
Purchase grant of up to € 960,- (private use); Up to € 1660,- (shared use)
In 2020, Germany committed to significantly improving its support for consumers purchasing electric vehicles in order to meet its target of having one million charging stations and 10 million electric vehicles by 2030.
This support equates to both national and regional incentives in the form of tax reductions and grants for both residential and commercial infrastructure.
The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) is providing a total of 1 billion EUR for the further development of the public charging infrastructure in Germany by the end of 2025. The goal is to build a total of at least 50,000 charging points (including at least 20,000 fast charging points). Today, the first funding call of the newly launched funding guideline "Publicly accessible charging infrastructure for electric vehicles in Germany" was published: From 31 August 2021, companies, cities and municipalities, public institutions and private individuals can submit funding applications.
In the first funding call, funding will be provided for:
In order to meet the demand for medium and long-distance mobility for medium and long-distance journeys, the federal government is tendering a Germany-wide fast charging network with 1000 locations. Each of the charging points must make at least 150 kW of power available. This will make it possible to charge batteries quickly on long-distance journeys.
Funding is available for up to 60% of the eligible costs. All funded charging points must be publicly accessible and powered by electricity from renewable sources, with an additional €100,000 award if the station installed is connected to medium voltage. Applications in the first funding call can be submitted from 31-08-2021 to 18-01-2022.
Currently, Greece only offers incentives for the purchasing and installation of residential charging stations.
in 2021, the Irish Government continues to provide a wide range of supports to incentivize the purchase of EVs and EV charging infrastructure. The Government has allocated €36.5 million in 2021 towards the promotion of EVs and the decarbonisation effort with €27m allocated to the EV Purchase Grant Scheme.
The Electric Vehicle Purchase Scheme has been updated to support the most efficient and environmentally friendly vehicles on the market. Support in the form of government funding is being refocused to prioritise battery electric cars. The SEAI grant scheme aims to encourage behavioural change and support the Government’s commitment to achieving a 51% reduction in transport emissions by 2030. The grant schemes are kept under continuous review to ensure that they are as effective as possible in driving the decarbonisation effort.
The Irish government also has commercial and residential charging incentives in place to help accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles.
In 2019, Italy launched the Eco-Bonus program to provide subsidies for electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as electric vehicle charging infrastructure. In 2021, The automotive fund for the purchase of low-emission vehicles was refinanced with 350 million euros.
The Eco-Bonus program aims to cut net emissions to zero by 2050 and mandates that electric vehicles should replace ICE vehicles by 2035 at the latest.
In the Netherlands, electric vehicle charging infrastructure incentives are mostly provided for private companies. However, residents in most regions can request the installation of a public charging port near their place of residence or work free of charge—this will also be freely accessible to all residents.
In 2019, Spain launched its biggest electrification program, MOVES, with a budget of €45 million allocated to the promotion of electric vehicles and charging infrastructure. In 2020, MOVES II was established. Under the second iteration of the MOVES Plan, the Spanish government has secured €100 million for charging infrastructure and the acquisition of electric cars.
MOVES III was launched in 2021 to build upon previously established measures and is managed by local authorities.
In 2015, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and several administrative boards launched the Klimatklivet program in a bid to reduce CO2 emissions at a local and regional level. Today, Klimatklivet is one of Sweden's major policies targeting GHG emissions and has contributed a total of 5.4 billion SEK to more than 3200 different projects.
The UK has developed a Road to Zero strategy aimed at making transportation in the four nations carbon-neutral by 2040.
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