Last updated on July 4th, 2023
Charging an electric vehicle (EV) is not a one-size-fits-all endeavor. Depending on your vehicle, the type of charging station, and your location, you’ll be faced with a different cable, plug... or both.
This article explains the different type of cables, plugs, and highlights country-specific standards and developments.
There are 4 main types of EV charging cables. Most dedicated home EV charging stations and plug chargers use a Mode 3 charging cable and fast charging stations use Mode 4.
EV charging plugs vary based on the manufacturer and country you find yourself in, but there are a few dominant standards across the world, each used in a particular region. North America uses the Type 1 plug for AC charging and CCS1 for DC fast charging, while Europe uses the Type 2 connector for AC charging and CCS2 for DC fast charging.
Tesla cars have always been a bit of an exception. While they’ve adapted their design to fit the standards of other continents, in the US, they use their own proprietary plug, which the company now calls the “North American Charging Standard (NACS)”. Recently, they shared the design with the world and invited other car and charging equipment manufacturers to include this connector type into their designs.
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